Nicolas Isla

Address: Beim Schlump 83
20144, Hamburg
Telephone: 0049 40 42838 4383


The Role of Non-State Actors in Promoting Nonproliferation and Arms Control Efforts Against Biological Weapons

The current state-centred approach to preventing the proliferation and development of biological weapons is limited and has failed to provide confidence in the full implementation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). Potentially misusable biotechnological techniques are being undertaken in ever greater number of public and private laboratories all over the world. However, non-state actors continue to play virtually no role in the multilateral efforts to promote nonproliferation and arms control. This project will examine the influence non-state actors – UN organisations and international regimes, private global players such as multinational companies, and civil society organisations – have exerted thus far in state to state negotiations on biological arms control, the role they have played in other control mechanisms for biological weapons, and their success in promoting arms control and nonproliferation in other arenas, such as the Mine Ban Treaty (MBT), the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) and the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT). In parallel, existing and proposed control mechanisms for biological weapons will be analysed as to their suitability for non-state actor involvement. The European Union, through its Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), has emphasized the need to involve non-state actors in non proliferation efforts. This project will develop recommendations how different types of non-state actors would most effectively be integrated into the multilateral efforts to prevent the proliferation and development of biological weapons.





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