Eva Gross

E-Mail: eva.gross@vub.ac.be


The Europeanization of national foreign policy?

This project compared British, French and German policies towards the EU CFSP/ESDP since 2001. The Europeanization framework was used to analyze the impact of the EU CFSP/ESDP on national foreign policy and conceptualized Europeanization as three interlocking processes: national adaptation, national projection and identity formation. The resulting analysis showed that when it came to the use of political instruments, national foreign policies exhibit evidence of Europeanization. However, decisions to employ military instruments in 2001 conditioned by considerations of alliance politics: that is, US preferences and the continued primacy of NATO over ESDP in national foreign policy. The events of 9/11, while not necessary changing national preferences towards the EU CFSP/ESDP, crystallized these conflicting pressures.








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Dr. Eva Gross

Pleinlaan 2 1050 Brussels +32 (0) 496.38.48.16 eva.gross@vub.ac.be

Current Positions
Senior Research Fellow, Institute for European Studies, Vrije Universiteit Brussel since 01/07
Direct and co-ordinate research in the area of European foreign and security policy. Develop research projects and raise funds for their realisation. Supervise PhD students.

Visiting Lecturer, University of Kent: Brussels School of International Studies since 09/07 Convener of post-graduate courses ‘European Foreign and Security Policy’ and ‘Politics of International Development’


PhD, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) Department of International Relations

MA, International Relations
School of International Relations, University of Southern California, Los Angeles


The Europeanization of national foreign policy: Continuity and Change in European Crisis Management (forthcoming, Palgrave Macmillan)

EU crisis management in the Western Balkans. In S. Blockmans (ed.), The European Union and International Crisis Management: legal and policy aspects. The Hague, T.M.C. Asser Press 2008, forthcoming

Germany and European Security and Defense Cooperation: the Europeanization of national crisis management policies? Security Dialogue 38 (4) 2007: 501-520

EU Foreign Policy towards the Balkans. In C. Musu and N. Casarini eds., The Road Towards Convergence: European Foreign Policy in an Evolving International System. London, Palgrave, 2007: 157-185

Europe's Growing Engagement in Afghanistan: What Success for ESDP? CFSP Forum 5 (4) July 2007: 11-14

Evaluating the EU’s Crisis Missions in the Balkans. CEPS Paperback (with Michael Emerson), 2007

Introduction (with Michael Emerson). In Emerson and Gross, Evaluating the EU’s Crisis Missions in the Balkans. CEPS Paperback, 2007: 1-16

Civilian and Military Missions in the Western Balkans. In Emerson and Gross, Evaluating the EU’s Crisis Missions in the Balkans. CEPS Paperback, 2007: 115-137

Squaring the Circle? Leadership and Legitimacy in European Security and Defence Cooperation (with Dr. Bastian Giegerich, IISS) International Politics 43 (4) 2006: 500-509

The EU in Afghanistan: what role for EU crisis management and conflict prevention policies? CFSP Forum 4 (4) July 2006: 11-14

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