Marie Gibert

Marie Gibert
Address:
E-Mail: marie.gibert@gmail.com
Telephone:

Project

The European Union’s Development, Good Governance and Security Policies in West Africa

How is the political relationship between European powers and their West African former colonies changing as a result of the European Union’s (EU) growing role in security issues in West Africa? The proposed research project will explore the contradictions that underlie the European foreign policy project in West Africa. Academic literature has nearly exclusively covered the EU’s developmental role throughout and after the Cold War era, and neglected to explore the political dynamics between both regional groups of countries. These dynamics are still mainly characterised by the long-lived bilateralism between the former colonial powers and colonies, a bilateralism that runs counter to the European discourse in favour of multilateralism and which hampers regional cooperation both in Europe and in West Africa. The EU-West African relationship will therefore be analysed in the light of each region’s agenda and of a broader regionalisation and multilateralisation project that deals with security and foreign policy issues in a globalised context.

Expertise

Publications

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

CV

Academic Positions

From November 2011 School of History, Languages and International Studies: Lecturer in international relations.

2011 Department of International Relations, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa: Andrew W. Mellon postdoctoral research fellow. Research project title: ‘The Emergence of a New African Peace and Security Regime: Interplay and Convergence between International Organisations’.

Sept.-Dec. 2010 Institut des droits de l’homme et de la paix (Human Rights and Peace Institute), Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal: Visiting lecturer (teaching fellowship granted by the African Studies Association of the United Kingdom).

Education

2004-2010 PhD in African Politics, School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. Thesis title: 'New Wine in Old Bottles: the European Union’s Development, Good Governance and Security Policies in West Africa'.

July 2005 French BA (Licence) in English Literature and Civilisation, Université de Rennes II (Rennes, France).

2003-2004 MSc African Politics (with Merit), School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. Dissertation title: ‘How Has the “War on Terror” Changed the Conflict Resolution and Development Agendas in the IGAD-Subregion?’.

1999-2003 French Diploma (Diplôme de l’IEP or MA) in Political Science, Institut d’Etudes Politiques (Lille, France); German Diploma (Diplom in Sozialwissenschaften or MA), in Social Sciences, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität (Münster, Germany), with a focus on European studies. Dissertation title: ‘Regional Integration: Hope for Africa’s development – The example of the East African Community’.

Teaching and Research Experience

2011 Department of International Relations, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa: Undergraduate core course (with Mopeli Moshoshoe), ‘Africa’s International Relations’ (first semester).

International Human Rights Exchange Programme, University of the Witwatersrand: Undergraduate core course (with Dr Chaka Uzondu), ‘Human Rights: Perspectives from the Disciplines’ (undergraduate course – second semester).

Department of International Relations, University of the Witwatersrand: Postgraduate seminar (with Dr Richard Moncrieff), ‘Conflict Resolution in Africa’ (second semester).

Sept.-Dec. 2010 Institut des droits de l’homme et de la paix, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal: Three 15 hour-long, postgraduate courses: ‘L’esclavage d’hier à aujourd’hui. L’idéologie raciste. Les génocides du XXe siècle’ (‘Slavery, past and contemporary. Racist Ideology. XXth Century Genocides.’); ‘La peine de mort. Justice et réconciliation’ (‘The Death Penalty. Justice and Reconciliation.’); ‘La lutte contre la pauvreté. Le droit au développement.’ (‘The Fight Against Poverty. The Right to Development.’).

2008-2009 Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lille, France: Lecturer, ‘African Conflicts in International Relations (1945-2008)’ (4th year optional course – first term).

Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lille, France: Lecturer on the new Virtual Learning Project, ‘African Conflicts in International Relations Since 1945’ (5th year optional course – second term).

2007-2008 School of Oriental and African Studies: Lecturer, ‘Politics of Development in Africa’ (undergraduate course).

Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lille, France: Lecturer, ‘African Conflicts in International Relations (1945-2005)’ (4th year optional course).

2006-2007 School of Oriental and African Studies: Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, ‘Comparative and International Politics’.

Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Lille, France: Lecturer, ‘African Conflicts in International Relations (1945-2005)’ (4th year optional course).

April-June 2006 European Union Institute for Security Studies (EU-ISS), Paris: Visiting Fellow.

Summer 2005 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London: Summer Workshop Tutor ‘Introduction to Political Studies’.

2004-2005 School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London: Undergraduate Teaching Assistant, ‘State and Society in Asia and Africa’ and ‘Introduction to Political Studies’.

Successful Funding Applications

2011 Jean Monnet Programme (Information and Research Activities) of the European Commission: With Dr Malte Brosig (University of the Witwatersrand) and Dr Annemarie Peen Rodt (University of Southern Denmark), funding for two workshops on ‘The European Union and the New African Security Regime’ to take place in Johannesburg in October 2011 and early 2012 - € 30,000.

2011 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation: One-year-long postdoctoral fellowship at the University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa – R 144,000 (€ 14,500).

2010 African Studies Association of the United Kingdom (ASAUK): Teaching fellowship at the University of Dakar, Senegal (3 months) - £ 3,900.

2006-2008 ‘European Foreign and Security Policy Studies’ network funded by the foundations Compagnia di San Paolo, Torino (Italy), Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, Stockholm (Sweden) and Volkswagen Stiftung, Hanover (Germany): Grant to pursue doctoral research and fieldwork in Europe (London, Brussels, Paris) over 21 months – SEK 200,000 (€ 21,000).

April-June 2006 European Union Institute for Security Studies (EU-ISS), Paris: Three-months-long visiting fellowship at the institute - € 4,500.

2004-2005 University of London Central Research Fund: Fieldwork scholarship to conduct fieldwork (interviews) in Conakry (Guinea), Freetown (Sierra Leone) and Bissau (Guinea-Bissau) - £ 2,000.

Other Academic Interests and Activities

2006-2007 Politics research students’ representative and member of the SOAS Research Student representatives’ forum.

2006-2008 Member and grant-recipient of the joint research and training programme “European Foreign and Security Policy Studies” of the foundations Compagnia di San Paolo, Torino/Italy, Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, Stockholm/Sweden, and VolkswagenStiftung, Hanover/Germany.

2005-2008 Member of the research group ‘European Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management Policies’ (EUCPCM), supported by the University Association of Contemporary European Studies (UACES).

Languages

Other Information

Opinion Pieces

24th May 2011 ‘Guinea-Bissau: A Narco-Developmental State?’, African Arguments, http://africanarguments.org/2011/05/24/guinea-bissau-a-narco-developmental-state/.

28th April 2011 ‘France’s “Battle of the Veil”’, Open Democracy, http://www.opendemocracy.net/marie-gilbert/frances-battle-of-veil.

10th March 2011 ‘The New External Action Service: Towards a Common Foreign Policy in Africa?‘, Europe’s World, http://www.europesworld.org/NewEnglish/Home_old/CommunityPosts/tabid/809/PostID/2320/TheNewExternalActionServiceTowardsaCommonForeignPolicyinAfrica.aspx.

Conference Papers

18th-20th Feb. 2010 Co-authored with Meng-Hsuan Chou: ‘From Cotonou to Circular Migration: the EU, Senegal and the “Agreement Duplicity”’, Multinational Conference on Migration and Migration Policy, ‘Migration: A World in Motion’, Maastricht, the Netherlands.

4th-7th June 2009 ‘Europe in Africa: The Same Old Story?’, Third AEGIS Euroconference on African Studies, Leipzig (Germany).

11th-13th Sept. 2008 ‘The European Union in Africa: A European ‘Renaissance’ in Africa?’, African Studies Association United Kingdom (ASAUK) 2008 Conference, University of Central Lancashire, Preston.

3rd-5th Sept. 2007 ‘The European Union and Its Member-States in Africa: On the Way to Europeanization?’, UACES 37th Annual Conference and 12th Research Conference, University of Portsmouth.

11th-14th July 2007 ‘Regionalisation as a Conflict Prevention Tool: Western Import or West African Reality?’, AEGIS Euroconference on African Studies, Leiden.

5th-6th July 2007 ‘Regionalised security: a European solution to (West) African instability?’, Final Conference of the UACES research group on European Union Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management (EUCPCM), Fondation Universitaire, Brussels.

1st December 2006 ‘The European Union in West Africa: From Developmental to Diplomatic Partner?’, 3rd workshop of the UACES research group on European Union Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management (EUCPCM), European Studies Centre of Sciences Po, Paris.

27th October 2006 ‘Europe and West Africa: A Common Preference for Peaceful Crisis Resolution?’, PhD Students’ Workshop ‘Are European Preferences Shared By Others? The Fate of European Norms in a Globalized World’, European Studies Centre of Sciences Po and Centre of International Relations Research (CERI), Paris.

7th–9th Sept. 2006 ‘The European Union: A Legitimate Actor in Africa’s Fragile States? Insights from West Africa’, 1st European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) Graduate Conference, University of Essex.

16th June 2006 ‘The European Union and Its Member-States: Complementarity, Coordination or Competition? Insights from the European Union’s Conflict Prevention Policy in West Africa’, 2nd workshop of the UACES research group on European Union Conflict Prevention and Crisis Management (EUCPCM), Loughborough University.

10th-11th Feb. 2006 ‘The European Common Foreign and Security Policy: Towards the End of Colonial Bilateralism in Africa? Insights From West Africa’, 10th Annual Graduate Student Conference, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

26th-27th January 2006 ‘European Engagement in West Africa’, Africa-Workshop, Institute for Peace Support and Conflict Management, Austrian National Defence Academy, Vienna.

23rd April 2005 ‘The European Foreign Policy: Providing a ‘Structural’ Alternative in a Unipolar World?’ at the FORNET (Research Network on European Foreign Policy) 2005 Plenary Meeting, Brussels.